2022 Journeys to a Free State 1922

6 January 2022, Journeys to a Free State: The Dilemmas of the Treaty

Dáil Éireann resumed its Treaty debate on 3 February 1922 after a short New Year break. A large crowd had assembled at Dublin’s University Buildings, Earlsfort Terrace. A bitterly cold wind was experienced, accompanied at intervals by showers. Inside a range of speakers for and against the Treaty took the floor. On this day, two Cork TDs intervened – J J Walsh, an advocate for the Treaty, and Lord Mayor and TD Donal Óg O’Callaghan, who was an advocate against the Treaty. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 6 January 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

13 January 2022, Journeys to a Free State: A Treaty is Ratified

At ten minutes to 9pm on Saturday night, 7 January 1922, Dáil Éireann voted on the Articles of Agreement or peace treaty. It was ratified by 64 votes to 57. The division followed days of animated debate with the closing speakers being Cathal Brugha and Arthur Griffith. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 13 January 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

20 January 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Mary MacSwiney Speaks

Last week’s column highlighted the Treaty vote that was taken and the intervention of Cork TD Mary MacSwiney expressing her disappointment and full support for the ideals of Éamon de Valera. Mary MacSwiney was one of the earliest speakers to take the floor on the Treaty debate. She intervened just after the vote on 7 January and remained vocally against the Treaty for years to come. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 20 January 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

27 January 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Evacuation and Amnesty Begins

By 12 January 1922, all over Munster, preparations were in progress for the evacuation by the British military and police. Inventories were taken, baggage were packed up and were made ready for departure. In some districts special trains were arranged to remove troops whilst steamer accommodation was also made ready. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 27 January 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

3 February 2022, Journeys to a Free State: The Cumann na mBan Meets

On 5 February 1922, near500 delegates attended the annual convention of Cumann na mBan held in the Mansion House, Dublin. Many of the delegates wore the official uniform of the organisation. Countess Markievicz presided. The proceedings began shortly after 11am. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 3 February 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

10 February 2022, Journeys to a Free State: De Valera Comes to Cork

On Sunday 12 February 1922, the Anti-Treaty side marked the launching of a determined campaign by Éamon de Valera and his followers in Dáil Éireann. They were against the policy adopted by Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins in recommending the Treaty. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town Article, 10 February 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

17 February 2022, Season 20 for Discover Cork Schools’ Heritage Project

This month marks the conclusion of the 20th school season of the Discover Cork: Schools’ Heritage Project. Over the past twenty years the school wing of my local history work aims to engage younger generation to take up an interest in the history, heritage, and geography of the city. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 17 February 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

24 February 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Challenges of Commercial Life

There were plenty concerns for Cork society in early 1922. In early February, the 39th annual report of the Cork Incorporated Chamber of Shipping and Commerce – and one of two Chambers of Commerce in the city at the time – was published in the Cork Examiner. Reflecting on the previous twelve months, the Chamber report describes that during 1921 they hosted fifteen meetings of the Chamber’s central council and several meetings of subcommittees dealing with special subjects were held. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town Article, 24 February 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

3 March 2022, Journeys to a Free State: The Henry Ford Motion

During simmering tensions amongst Treaty and anti-Treaty factions in February and March 1922, a motion passed by eighteen members of Cork Corporation created another stream of tensions amongst Cork citizens. The motion concerned the Ford factory in The Marina and a call to Henry Ford that the target of 2,000 employees as set out in the lease agreement between the Corporation and the company be put in place within two months of the motion. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 3 March 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

10 March 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Collins’ Rallying Call

The first political rally that Michael Collins attended outside Dublin to promote support for the Treaty was in Cork City. All of the regional newspapers of the time including the Cork Examiner had media spreads on the rally. On the second weekend in March 1922, Michael Collins travelled from Dublin to Cork by train, accompanied by Fionán Lynch TD, Commandant Seán MacEoin or MacKeown TD, Seán Milroy TD, and J J Walsh TD. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 10 March 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

17 March 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Deputations and Expectations

The pro Treaty rally hosted by Michael Collins on Cork’s Grand Parade on Sunday 12 March was deemed a success. The following day, Monday 13 March, before taking the afternoon train back to Dublin, Michael took the time with Diarmuid Fawsitt from the Provisional Government’s Ministry of Economics to visit and take a tour of the Ford factory. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 17 March 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

24 March 2022, Journeys to a Free State: Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, 1921-22

The annual general meeting of the Cork Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital was held at noon on Saturday 11 March 1922. In 1868 at the age of 24 Henry MacNaughton-Jones founded a 30-bed Cork Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, in a building at the western end of Sheares Street. He was also physician there between 1868 and 1882.

31 March 2022, Kieran’s New Publication, Celebrating Cork

Celebrating Cork (2022, Amberley Publishing) is my new publication, which explores some of the many reasons why Cork is special in the hearts of Corkonians and visitors. This book was penned in the Spring and Summer of 2020 during which the COVID-19 pandemic challenged the resilience of every city and region across Ireland and Europe.  Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 31 March 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy

7 April 2022, Journeys to a Free State: The Capture of the Upnor

On 29 March 1922, the Upnor, which was a British arms ship, was captured by members of the Cobh IRA company. It was departing Cork Harbour with its second load of arms, which amounted to 400 rifles, 40 machines guns, hundreds of thousands of rounds of .303 ammunition and numerous crates of high explosive. A plan was devised to capture the ship. Michael Burke, Officer in Command of Cobh IRA wrote an account of the raid on the ship. Kieran’s Our City, Our Town, 7 April 2022 | Cllr. Kieran McCarthy